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Potentially Avoidable Premature Mortality (PAPM)

Although death is not avoidable, with advances in technology and health sciences it is possible to avoid a significant proportion of early (premature) deaths through preventive actions and timely medical care. This type of mortality is known as potentially avoidable premature mortality (PAPM) and is commonly referred to as avoidable mortality.

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Data & Facts

Premature deaths: those that occur in individuals under 75 years of age.

Avoidable premature deaths: deaths in those under 75 years of age that should not occur if all levels of care by health systems function properly (primary, secondary, tertiary prevention and health care at all levels). The group of preventable deaths considers two subgroups: (1) the so-called potentially preventable causes and (2) the potentially treatable (or treatable) causes. In Spanish, the use of the term "serviceable" is proposed, since "treatable" only refers to treatment and health care; however, "treatable" includes timely diagnosis, treatment, control, repair of damage and prolongation of life with good quality.

Preventable premature deaths: deaths that occurred in those under 75 years of age and that could have been prevented through primary prevention efforts. A death is considered preventable if, in the light of understanding its determinants of health at the time of death, all or most deaths from that cause could be prevented by public health interventions, in the broadest sense.

Treatable premature deaths: those deaths that occurred in people under 75 years of age and that should not occur if in light of medical knowledge and technology at the time of death, they could be avoided through timely and good quality medical care.

Deaths from Communicable, maternal, perinatal, and nutritional conditions; Noncommunicable diseases; Injuries. From 2000 to 2019.

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Welcome to the Health in the Americas+ portal

Health in the Americas + is a new way of viewing the flagship publication of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO/WHO). Since its creation in 1954, this publication has focused on one of the organization's main mandates, which is to collect and disseminate information on health conditions and trends in the countries and territories of the Americas and the Caribbean. A key way to fulfill this mandate is the publication of Health in the Americas, a comprehensive report dedicated exclusively to monitoring and analyzing the health situation in the Region. This new portal now centralizes access to all information published in Health in the Americas, beginning with the current edition, which focuses on Potentially Avoidable Premature Mortality and includes new and more interactive ways to view data and compare information in different regions and countries, and reaching the first edition, from 1954. We hope you enjoy this portal and return many times.

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