The Health in the Americas+ country profiles are based on the interagency indicators available as of the dates referenced. The sources are referenced in this table. In some cases, the values of the indicators may differ from the most recent data available in the country.
Environmental and social determinants of health
In 2000, the total population of French Guiana was 164 352 people, and increased to 297 449 in 2020, representing an increase of 81% over the period. In terms of the country's demographic profile, the population aged 65 and over represented 5.8% of the total in 2020, an increase of 2.2 percentage points over the year 2000. Likewise, a ratio of 101.2 women for every 100 men and 17.9 older adults (aged 65 and over) for every 100 children under 15 years of age was reached in 2020. If the population between 15 and 64 years of age is considered as potentially active, that is, susceptible to participate in labor activities, it represented 61.9% of the total population of French Guiana in 2020, which is equivalent to 184 166 people. Thus, considering the potentially passive population (96 089 children under 15 years of age and 17 195 people aged 65 and over), the potential dependency ratio was 61.5 potentially passive inhabitants for every 100 potentially active inhabitants. This dependency ratio was 67.7 in 2000.
Life expectancy at birth for the year 2021 was 80.2 years - higher than the average for the Region of the Americas - which represents an increase of 6.6 years over the value for the year 2000.
Figure 1. Population pyramids, years 2000 and 2021
Maternal and child health
Between 2000 and 2015, infant mortality decreased from 12.4 to 7.9 per 1 000 live births. This represents a decrease of 36.3%. The proportion of low birth weight births (<2,500 grams) increased from 11.1% to 13% between the years 2003 and 2016.
In relation to fertility, it is estimated that women have an average of 3.5 children throughout their reproductive lives. In the specific case of adolescent fertility, there was a reduction of 50.2%, from 112.7 live births per 1,000 women aged 15 to 19 years in 2000 to 56.1 in 2021.In the period between 2009 and 2016, there was an increase in prenatal care, which went from 55.2% to 84.5%, and the percentage of births attended by trained personnel was 99% in 2010.
In turn, the rate of new HIV diagnoses per 100 000 population was estimated at 77.3 for the year 2014.
Status of the COVID-19 Pandemic
During 2020, there were a total of 13 166 cases of COVID-19 in French Guiana, representing 44,232 per million population. In 2021, the number of identified cases amounted to 38 771, equivalent to 120,175 per million inhabitants, while in 2022, the number of reported cases was 44 988, equivalent to 151,140 cases per million inhabitants. With regard to deaths directly caused by COVID-19, in 2020, 71 deaths of persons diagnosed with COVID-19 were reported corresponding to a rate of death per million population of 239, while in 2021, 339 were reported, representing 900 deaths per million inhabitants, in 2022 were reported 410 deaths, equivalent to 239 deaths per million inhabitants. In the Region of the Americas, French Guiana ranked 23th in the number of deaths due to COVID-19 in 2020, moved to position 26th in 2021 and in 2022 ranked 36th , with a cumulative figure for the years of 1,377 deaths per million population (Figure 2).
By December 31, 2021, 32.6% of the country's population had at least one dose of COVID-19 vaccine. By April 20, 2022 (latest available data), 30% of the population was fully vaccinated. The vaccination campaign started on January 20, 2021 and so far 2 types of COVID-19 vaccines have been used in the country.